Basic Guide to Diamond Buying

Since diamonds are important investments, purchasing one may involve financial commitment as well as an emotional. And for most people, purchasing a diamond is a new experience, some kind of an adventure and it should not be too overwhelming especially if you understand a little about the characteristics of diamonds. I spent some time traveling to find the best guides for this, I did some airline travel to find out some of the characteristics of diamonds to help make this more informative.

Diamond PaperweightPhoto Credit: Steven Depolo

In this light, I would like to share some basics on diamond buying guide.

The first thing that anyone who ever intends to buy a diamond should know is the Four C’s which happen to be; cut, clarity, color and carat weight. Then there is also the Fifth C, which pertains to certification. A little diamond history and general information of diamond is also welcome.

Know Your Diamond

Let us start with learning more about this precious stone. Diamonds are formed in the depth of the earth and they are the hardest natural material ever known to mankind. Hardness of the mineral refers to its resistance to scratches and it is graded from 1 to 10 with the use of Moh’s scale of mineral hardness. Diamond scales 10 therefore it is the hardest and this quality has been recognized since ancient times and the Greek name it was given, adámas actually means unalterable.

The Four C’s of Diamond

·       Cut

When we talk about the diamond cut, it is not the shape of the stone, but rather the stone’s ability to create sparkle and provide brilliance and life. A well-cut diamond is one with well-aligned facets and allows light to refract from the inside and then disperses the light through the diamond top, thus creating sparkle with every movement. Perfect light dispersion results in that beautiful diamond sparkle we all dream of.

·       Clarity

Diamond clarity refers to imperfections or inclusions which are marks that internally blemish the structure of the stone. These small flaws are graded below 10 times magnification, which happens to be the standard in grading diamond clarity. Fewer inclusions mean the diamond is rare and this is the most coveted kind of diamond, thus it is also most expensive.

·       Color

White diamonds should be as white as they can be in order to be deemed rare and very precious. When it comes to color, it doesn’t mean those fancy colored diamonds, which are actually more precious than the white ones. When your jeweler talks about color in reference to diamond, it means the level of whiteness of the stone. Diamond color can range from colorless, nearly colorless, faint yellow, very light yellow and light yellow.

If you want to be sure about the whiteness of a diamond, you should buy it in a white gold or platinum setting. The whiteness of these metals will show off the true whiteness of the diamond.

·       Carat Weight

Diamonds are weighted in carat, therefore carat means measurement and not size. The bigger the carat, the costlier the diamond; that is something that should be taken into consideration when buying diamonds.

The Other C:

·       Certification

Diamond certification is considered as the fifth C when it comes to diamond purchase. This refers to the diamond grading report provided by one of the recognized Gemological laboratories in the world. A certification is the document that proves the authenticity of the stone. If you are out and about traveling around looking for a jeweler, make certain they know what they’re talking about. These are some of the things I found when diamond rings St George.